Mathematics for Chemists (For students without Maths in B.Sc.)

Paper Code: 
CHY 125 (A)
Contact Hours: 
Max. Marks: 

Course Objectives :

The course aims to acquaint the students with the fundamentals of analytical mathematics and their use in some important applications of chemistry (e.g. Huckel theory, maximally populated rotational energy levels and Bohr’s radius). This course also aims to make the students aware about the concept of matrix properties, calculus, probability and elementary differential equation (first order & first degree).

Course Outcomes (COs):



Learning outcomes (at course level)

Learning and teaching strategies

Assessment Strategies

Paper Code

Paper Title

CHY 125(A)

Mathematics for Chemists

 The students will be able to-


CO21-employ basic operations like addition, multiplication, transpose, inverse and determinant of matrices.

CO22-differentiate one variable function up to a higher order, two variable functions up to second order.

CO23-apply the basic rules of integration on one variable function and product of one variable functions.

CO24-analyze the simple problems of permutation, combination and probability and concept of scalers and vectors and their operations.

CO25-distinguish between the concept of order and degree of differential equation and solution of first order and first degree linear differential equation.

Traditional chalk & board method


Group discussions






Problem solving


Question preparation-Subjective type-Long answer & Short answer

Objective type- Multiple choice questions, One answer/two answer type questions


Assertion and reasoning

Group/ Individual Presentations


Written Test




Semester end examination



Unit I: 
Matrix Algebra

Matrix properties: Matrix addition and multiplication, adjoint, transpose and inverse of matrices, special matrices (symmetric, skew-symmetric, unit, diagonal), determinants (examples from Huckel theory).


Unit II: 
Differential Calculus

Rules for differentiation, applications of differential calculus including maxima and minima (examples related to maximally populated rotational energy levels, Bohr’s radius and most probable velocity from Maxwell’s distribution etc.), partial differentiation, co-ordinate transformations.


Unit III: 
Integral Calculus

Integral calculus: Basic rules for integration, integration by substitution, integration by parts and through partial fraction.

Unit IV: 
Permutation, Probability,Vector Algebra and Calculus

Permutation and Probability: permutations and combinations, probability and probability theorems, curve-fitting (including least squares fit etc.) with a general polynomial fit.

Scalars and vectors, addition, subtraction and multiplication of vectors. Vector operators: Gradient, divergence and curl. (Expressions only).


Unit V: 
Elementary Differential Equations

Order and degree of differential equation solution of first order and first degree linear differential equation by variable-separable, homogenous and linear equations, applications to chemical kinetics, secular equilibria, quantum chemistry etc.


  • The Chemistry Maths Book; Second Edition; E. Steiner; Oxford University Press, Gwalior: Oxford Public School, 2008.
  • Basic Mathematics for Chemists; Second Edition; P. Tebbutt; John Wiley and Sons, 2001.
  • Mathematical Methods in the Physical Sciences, M. L. Boas; John Wiley & Sons, 2006
  • Maths for Chemists; Second Edition; G. Doggett and M. Cockett; Royal Society of Chemistry,2012.

Academic Year: