Nuclear and Analytical Chemistry

Paper Code: 
CHY- 324
Contact Hours: 
Max. Marks: 

Course Objectives :

The course aims to provide knowledge about the working principle of counters and applications of radioactive isotopes, to acquaint the students with the separation process using various chromatographic techniques and to make them understand about quantitative measurements in the absorption and emission spectroscopy and use of electrochemistry in practical applications.

Course Outcomes (COs):



Learning outcomes (at course level)

Learning and teaching strategies

Assessment Strategies

Paper Code

Paper Title

CHY 324

Nuclear and Analytical Chemistry

The students will be able to-


CO107-explain the concepts of nuclear counters, functions of their major components and categories of nuclear reactions

CHY108-discuss the applications of radioactivity

CO109-compare the types of nuclear models and discuss the compound nucleus theory & interaction of radiation with matter

CO110-use different chromatographic techniques in the separation & identification of components of a system.

CO111-discuss electro analytical, imaging and optical techniques.

Class lectures




Group discussions


Question preparation-

Subjective type-Long          answer, Short answer

Objective type-Multiple choice questions, One answer/two answer type questions

Assertion and reasoning

Written test


Google quiz




Semester end examination

Unit I: 
Nuclear Chemistry

Types of radioactive decay, Decay kinetics: Decay constant, units of radioactivity, Parent-daughter growth relationship.

Counters – Geiger counter,  scintillation counter, proportional counter, semi conductor detector.

Nuclear reaction – Evaporation, spallation, fragmentation, transfer reactions(Buckshot hypothesis) , nuclear fission:  Theory of nuclear fission , fission fragments , their mass and charge distribution, fission energy,  compound nucleus theory for nuclear reaction, Photonuclear reaction and nuclear fusion( thermonuclear reaction),  nuclear reactors Interaction of radiation with matter .

Self Study: Sub-nucleons, classification of nuclides, nuclear stability, binding energy, nuclear radius, nuclear models – liquid drop model, shell model.


Unit II: 
Nuclear and Thermal Methods

Nuclear Methods: Applications of radio isotopes as tracers: Chemical investigations (structure determinations, reaction mechanism, isotope exchange reactions), age determination, medical, agricultural and industrial applications.

Analytical applications (neutron activation analysis and isotope dilution analysis)

Thermal Methods:Theory and applications of TG, DTA, DSC and thermometric titrations.



Unit III: 
Separation Methods

Prerequisite: Theory and applications of Paper Chromatography.

Theory and applications of solvent extraction, ion exchangers including liquid ion exchangers and chromatographic methods for identification and estimation of multicomponent systems (such as TLC, GC. HPLC, CC)

Hyphenated Techniques: Instrumentation and applications of GC-IR, TG-IR Spectroscopy, GC-Mass Spectroscopy.


Unit IV: 
Electroanalytical Methods and lmaging Techniques

Instrumentation and applications of polarography (DC, AC and pulse), cyclic voltammetry, coulometry and anode stripping voltammetry. Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM): Instrumentation and applications.



Unit V: 
Optical Methods

Instrumentation and applications of UV-Visible, X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), Auger Electron Spectroscopy (AES), Electron Spectroscopy for Chemical Analysis (ESCA), Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS), Atomic Emission spectroscopy (AES).



Essential Readings: 
  1.  Essentials of Nuclear Chemistry; Fourth Edition; H.J. Arnikar; New Age International (P)   Ltd., New Delhi, 2016.
  2. Nuclear Chemistry for B.Sc. and M.Sc. Students of Indian Universities; First Edition; C.V. Shekhar; Dominant Publishers and Distributors, New Delhi, 2003.
  3. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry, Eighth Edition; D.A. Skoog, D.M. West and F.J. Holler; Saunders College Publishing, Philadephia, 2007.
  4. Instrumental Methods of Analysis; Seventh Edition; H. H. Willard, L. L.Merritt,J.A.Dean & F. A. Settle;CBS Publisher, New Delhi, 1986.
  5. Basic Concepts of Analytical Chemistry: Second Edition; S.M. Khopkar; New Age International Publisher, New Delhi, 2000.
  6. Element of X-Ray Diffraction; B.D. Cullity&S.R. Stock, Third edition, Pearson Education, Delhi, 2015.
  7. Fundamental Concepts Of Inorganic Chemistry; First Edition;Vol. 7; A.K.Das, &M. Das, CBS Publishers, New Delhi,2014.



Academic Year: