Course Objectives:
This course will enable the students to –
Course Outcomes (COs):
Course 
Learning outcomes (at course level) 
Learning and teaching strategies 
Assessment Strategies 

Paper Code 
Paper Title 

CHY 103 
States of Matter (Theory)

The students will be able to – CO13: solve differential and integration problem at various level of derivation in physical chemistry. CO14: describe physical properties of each state of matter and law related to these states. CO15: explain the behaviour of real and ideal gas. CO16: explain structure and application of liquid crystal. CO17: describe law of crystallography and apply these laws. CO18: summarize different method of preparation and properties of sol, gel and emulsion. 
Interactive Lectures Discussion Tutorials Reading assignments Demonstration Revision in form of interactive quiz (crossword, zigsaw puzzle, match the pair) 
The oral and written examinations (Scheduled and surprise tests) Closedbook and open  book tests Problemsolving exercises Assignments Quiz Semester End Examination 
Logarithmic relations, differentiation of simple functions like, x^{n}, e^{x}, log x, rules of differentiation, maxima and minima, linear graphs and calculation of slopes, partial differentiation,integration of some useful/relevant functions.
Pre requisite: Gas laws.
Postulates of kinetic theory of gases, deviation from ideal behaviour, van der Waals equation of state. Qualitative discussion of the Maxwell’s distribution of molecular velocities, molecular velocities: Root mean square, average and most probable velocities, collision number, collision frequency, mean free path and collision diameter; liquefaction of gases (based on JouleThomson effect).
Critical Phenomena: PV isotherms of real gases, continuity of states, isotherms of van der Waals equation, relationship between critical constants and van der Waals constants, law of corresponding states, reduced equation of states.
Qualitative treatment of the structure of the liquid state, intermolecular forces, physical properties, vapour pressure, heat of vaporization, Trouton’s rule; surface tension and its measurement by stalagmometer method; viscosity and its measurement by Ostwald’s method, effects of temperature, coefficient of viscosity; application of surface tension and viscosity in determination of chemical constitution.
Liquid crystals: Classification, structure of nematic, smectic and cholestricphases, applications of liquid crystals.
An introduction to space lattice and unit cell, laws of crystallography – (i) law of constancy of interfacial angles (ii) law of rationality of indices (iii) law of symmetry, symmetry elements in crystals, Xray diffraction by crystals, derivation of Bragg’s equation, determination of crystal structure by different methods, determination of crystal structure of NaCl, KCl and CsCl.
Pre requisite: Definition and classification.
Solids in liquids (Sols): Properties kinetics, optical and electrical; stability of colloids, protective action, HardySchulze law, gold number.
Liquid in liquids (Emulsions): Types, preparation and emulsifier.
Liquids in solids (Gels): Classification, preparation and properties, inhibition, general applications of colloids.